What is Infantigo – Rash Pictures, Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies (Treatment)

What is Infantigo ?

An infantigo also known as impetigo is a type of skin disease that is contagious in nature. Infantigo is a highly contagious skin infection that commonly affects infants and children. It is a bacterial infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes.

About 70% of people with infantigo are infants. The typical signs and symptoms are red sores on the patient’s face, specifically on the nose and mouth area. The sores will eventually burst and form crusts characterized by their distinct color (honey-coloured crusts).

Infantigo is also called school sores because it typically affects school-aged children. A mild form of infantigo may clear up on its own in a few weeks’ time. For severe cases, the patient should be put on a course of antibiotic to significantly decrease the severity and hastens the healing process.

Infantigo is highly contagious and so you have to keep your child isolated until a course of antibiotic is started. Normally, the child is non-contagious after 48 hours post antibiotic treatment. (1, 2)

Other names for infantigo

  • Impetigo
  • Impetigo contagiosa
  • Impetigo vulgaris

The classic signs and symptoms of infantigo image photo picture

Picture 1: The classic signs and symptoms of infantigo rash.
Image Source: 2.bp.blogspot.com

Who are prone to infantigo?

  • Children aged 2 to 5 years old
  • People living in a confined environment
  • People living in an environment with humid climate
  • People who are into contact sports such as wrestling and football.
  • People with a broken skin such as rashes, insect bites, scrape, and skin injury.
  • People with a weak immune system.
  • People who are suffering from diabetes mellitus. (1, 2, 3, 4)

Symptoms and What does infantigo look like ?

The signs and symptoms of infantigo vary depending on the type and severity. The cardinal manifestations are reddish spots that appear in cluster in the skin particularly on the lips and nose.

The spots developed into blisters. Over time, they will burst forming yellowish crust. The crusting causes red marks. The sores are itchy and painful causing discomfort to the patient. In severe cases, the patient’s gland swell along with fever and fatigue. (3, 4, 5, 6)

Infantigo pictures/images

A non-bullous type of infantigo image photo picture

Picture 2: A non-bullous type of infantigo rash.
Photo Source: www.edoctoronline.com

Images differentiating the bullous and non-bullous infantigo image photo picture

Picture 3: Images differentiating the bullous and non-bullous infantigo.
Image Source: www.dhinfo.org

Acthyma, a severe yet rare form of infantigo image photo picture

Picture 4: Ecthyma, a severe yet rare form of infantigo rash.
Photo Source: mddk.com

infantigo Pictures images

What are the different types of infantigo?

Impetigo contagiosa/non-bullous

It is the common form of infantigo characterized by red papules on the face and neck. The papules will burst and a pus oozes out. Crust is formed after a few days.

Bullous

It comes with lesions that are bullae that produces clear to yellowish fluid. Once the bullae ruptures the area becomes red and surrounded by brown crust.

It affects the face, trunk, and extremities. The patient also experience fever, weakness, and discomfort.

Ecthyma

A severe form of infantigo characterized by pustule formation. Ruptured pustules cause ulceration that affects both the epidermis and the dermis layer of the skin. Once the ulceration heals, a scar is formed. (7, 8, 9, 10)

What are the causes of infantigo?

Bacteria responsible for infantigo rash image photo picture

Picture 5: Bacteria responsible for infantigo: S. aureus and S. pyogenes.
Image Source: image.slidesharecdn.com

Infantigo is caused by bacteria, specifically Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus aureus is commonly found in the human’s mouth.

Infection is most likely to take place if the person has a cut or open wound. The infection is primary if the bacteria attack healthy skin in the absence of site of entry. If the bacteria invade the skin as a result of a primary disease condition, then the condition is called secondary infantigo. (2, 9, 10, 11)

Is infantigo contagious?

Infection is spread through direct contact infantigo image photo picture

Picture 6: Infection is spread through direct contact.
Photo Source: 4.bp.blogspot.com

Holding objects that get in contact with an infected person can make you susceptible to infection image photo picture

Picture 7: Holding objects that get in contact with an infected person can make you susceptible to infection.
Image Source: www.simianflu.com

Infantigo is a highly contagious disease, meaning, it can be transmitted from one person to another. Modes of transmission include the following:

Direct contact

Getting in contact with the lesions of a person with infantigo (skin to skin contact). Infantigo can also be spread by getting in contact with nasal discharges of an infected person.

Indirect contact

Touching the things/objects that a person with infantigo have been in contact with. Examples are towels, bed linen, clothes, handkerchief, and the likes. (12, 13, 14)

What is the incubation period?

Signs and symptoms of infantigo do not immediately show up the moment you become infected with bacteria. The average incubation period is three days. (2, 5)

The effects of infantigo in children

Children are the common victims of infantigo infection rash photo picture image

Picture 8: Children are the common victims of infantigo infection.
Photo Source: heydoctor.org

Children are commonly the target of infantigo. Those who are at risk are the ones who have poor hygiene, living in a humid environment, and has had contact with a person with infantigo.

Clinical manifestations vary in each child. The typical signs and symptoms of infantigo in children include red bumps that are sore and itchy. Sores are commonly found on the face, arms, and legs. Treating infantigo in children depends on the severity of symptoms, age, and the general health condition of the child.

The doctor usually prescribes a combination of oral and topical antibiotics. For mild infantigo, a topical antibiotic is enough to treat the infection. While on the treatment, you should keep your child out from school.

Make sure your child’s fingernails are short to prevent infection, especially when they scratch the skin. To be safe, cover the lesion with a bandage. (14, 15, 16, 17)

The effects of infantigo in pregnant women

If you are pregnant and contacted infantigo, should you be worried? The answer is no. Infantigo is a superficial skin infection and will not possess any harm to the growing fetus.

However, pregnant women should still be cautious and exert effort to not contact any types of infection. When treating infantigo in pregnant women, the doctor usually prescribes topical antibiotics.

A strong course of antibiotic should not be used as it could cross the placenta barrier causing harm to the growing baby. Do not take any drugs without consulting your doctor. (18, 19, 20)

Diagnosis

The doctor will thoroughly examine the affected area. If the doctor is suspecting infantigo, he/she will order other tests to confirm the diagnosis.

The doctor will also check if the rashes appeared with scabies and other skin conditions. Culture and sensitivity might be necessary to find out the bacteria that cause infantigo. (6, 9, 11, 12)

What are the possible complications?

Complications from infantigo rarely occur, especially if the infection is treated right away.

If infantigo is not treated right away, it could become worse leading to serious complications such as cellulitis, scarlet fever, guttate psoriasis, and sepsis. (3, 4, 6)

How to treat infantigo?

Antibiotic cream is the common treatment of choice for mild form of infantigo rash image photo picture

Picture 9: Antibiotic cream is the common treatment of choice for mild form of infantigo.
Image Source: mrscadybiology.wikispaces.com

Infantigo can be managed and cured using natural remedies such as plant and herb extracts image photo picture

Picture 10: Infantigo can be managed and cured using natural remedies such as plant and herb extracts.
Photo Source: healthncare.info

Treatment is necessary for the infantigo to completely go away. Without adequate treatment, complications may take place.

The infantigo can become severely infected and can be easily transferred from one person to another. There are various treatment options, but the treatment of choice depends on the severity of the symptoms. (3, 4, 10)

Antibiotics

To kill the disease-causing bacteria, the patient should be put on a course of antibiotic. There are two forms of antibiotics: topical and oral.

Topical antibiotics

It can be in the form of cream, ointment, or gel. Topical antibiotics are directly applied to the skin to get rid of superficial infection. Before the application of topical antibiotics, the affected parts of the skin should be thoroughly cleaned using mild soap and warm water.

When applying the topical antibiotic, you need to use gloves to prevent the spread of infection from other parts of the body. Make sure you wash your hands before and after application. It would take a week for the patient to response to topical antibiotics. (7, 8, 9)

Oral antibiotics 

For widespread infantigo, the patient is put on oral antibiotics. It treats systemic infection, which is effective in treating severe infantigo case. The oral antibiotic should be taken for seven days, religiously, without any miss. (10, 11)

Natural and Home Remedies

Infantigo can be treated using natural remedies. Some of the effective natural remedies for infantigo include the following:

Antibiotic solution using white vinegar

You can create your own antibiotic solution by mixing a tablespoon of white vinegar and two cups of warm water. Use the solution in washing the infected part of the body.

Make sure you gently wash the affected area. Do not rub or scrub the solution to the affected area to prevent further skin irritation.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil has antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. Tea tree oil can help prevent the spread of infection. Use tea tree oil with a carrier oil such as olive oil or jojoba oil. Apply a liberal amount of tea tree oil mixture to the affected areas of the skin.

Let it stay there for a few minutes (at least 10 minutes) and rinse with lukewarm water. You can also dilute a few drops of tea tree oil to lukewarm water you use when washing the skin. Do this at least two times a day. (11, 12, 15)

Garlic

This herb is known for its antibacterial property. Not only will it get rid of the infection, it will also alleviate pain and itching. Increase your intake of garlic. You can also directly apply garlic to the infected skin.

Grapefruit seed extract

Its antibacterial and antioxidant property make it effective in treating infantigo. Take grape fruit seed extract supplement. You can also dilute a few drops of grapefruit seed extract to two tablespoon of water.

Put a liberal amount of the solution to the infected skin. Do this at least three times a day and you will be able to see a significant improvement after a few days.

Aloe Vera extracts

Aloe Vera is a powerful plant. It contains a variety of medicinal properties mainly anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, and antiseptic. As a matter of fact, Aloe Vera has the ability to clear skin impurities and repair skin irregularities.

A fresh Aloe Vera extract should be applied directly on the affected skin. Give your immune system a boost by drinking Aloe Vera juice on a day to day basis.

Myrrh oil

It strengthens the body’s ability to fight off infection. Its anti-inflammatory property makes it perfect in treating infantigo. Mix a few drops of myrrh oil in honey.

Apply the mixture on the infected part of the skin and leave it there for at least 20 minutes. Rinse afterwards using warm water.

Ginger/Turmeric

Its anti-inflammatory property makes it perfect in treating infantigo. It alleviates pain and discomfort. Apply crushed turmeric on the infected part of the body.

You can create a turmeric mixture using turmeric powder and natural oil (coconut/olive oil). With the use of a cotton ball, apply the mixture to the infected areas of the skin and leave it there for a few minutes.

Use warm water when rinsing the mixture. Do this at least two to three times a day. (14, 17, 18, 19)

What can you do to prevent infantigo?

  • Preventing infantigo and other types of infection starts with having a good hygiene. Make sure you take a bath every day and avoid getting in contact with substances/objects that might be a carrier of harmful microorganisms.
  • You should stay away from people with highly contagious infection including personal belongings like towels, beddings, clothes, and toiletries. Their personal stuff should be washed separately using the right water temperature.
  • Use gloves when applying medicines to the infected part of the body. Wash your hands before and after application.
  • It is best to isolate the patient who has highly contagious infection to prevent the spread of infection.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing as the infection can be spread through direct and indirect contact with nasal discharges.
  • If the infection keeps on coming back, then it is high time to consult your doctor, specifically the one that specializes in skin disorder (dermatologist). (5, 8, 11, 16, 19)

Summary

  • Infantigo is an infection that is bacterial in origin.

  • It commonly affects children (2 to 5 years old).

  • It rarely affects adults.

  • It does not possess any potential threat to the growing fetus.

  • It is highly contagious.

  • Mild form of infantigo goes away on its own without treatment.

  • Severe form of infantigo needs to be treated using antibiotics.

  • Good hygiene is the best way to prevent infantigo.

  • Infantigo can be spread through direct and indirect contact.

  • Infantigo and impetigo are the same. (4, 8, 19, 20)

References:

  1. http://www.infantigo.xyz/
  2. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/impetigo-overview
  3. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/162945.php
  4. http://www.actforlibraries.org/infantigo/
  5. https://www.doctorshealthpress.com/skin-care-articles/infantigo-symptoms-causes-treatment/
  6. https://healthool.com/infantigo/
  7. https://drugsdetails.com/infantigo-what-is-types-causes-diagnoses-infants-or-adults-contagious/
  8. https://www.healthline.com/health/impetigo
  9. https://www.livestrong.com/article/30979-causes-infantigo/
  10. http://m.kidshealth.org/en/kids/impetigo.html
  11. https://emedicalupdates.com/infantigo-impetigo/
  12. http://diseasedefinition.info/infantigo-definition-symptoms-causes-treatments-pictures/
  13. https://healthsaline.com/infantigo.html
  14. https://helpyourback.org/health/what-is-infantigo-impetigo-and-how-to-treat-it/
  15. http://www.davieday.ca/infantigo/
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impetigo
  17. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/impetigo/symptoms-causes/syc-20352352
  18. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/impetigo/
  19. https://trendydamsels.com/what-is-infantigo/
  20. https://www.dhinfo.org/2017/01/infantigo-causes-symptoms-and-treatment/

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